In commemoration of the two centuries of Peru’s independence (Bicentenario) and 76 years of Indonesian independence, the Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia (KBRI) in Lima, Peru held a number of activities aimed at promoting Indonesian and Peruvian local wisdom. One of them is a webinar held with on Thursday, December 16, 2021 via Zoom. This webinar is entitled “Mainstreaming Diversity: Preserving Local Wisdom of Indonesia and Peru” (“Mainstreaming Diversity: Preserving Local Wisdom of Indonesia and Peru”). The webinar, which was opened by the Ambassador of the Republic of Indonesia to Peru and Bolivia, Marina Estella Anwar Bey, presented two speakers; Mr. Andres Valladolid of the National Commission for the Protection of Access to Peruvian Biodiversity and Collective Knowledge of Indigenous Peoples and Mr. Antonius Yudi Triantoro as Director of Trade, Industry, Commodities and Intellectual Property, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia.

The webinar, which was also broadcast live on the YouTube channel and Facebook of the Indonesian Embassy in Lima, illustrates how Indonesia and Peru are home to various ethnic groups that contribute to the rich cultural diversity of these two countries. These various ethnic groups have a lot of traditional knowledge and local wisdom which is part of their way of life and is important to be preserved. Marina Estella Anwar Bey in her speech said, “The diplomatic relations between Indonesia and Peru have been going on for more than 40 years, so it is important for us to know and appreciate the culture of each country. Besides that, it is necessary to carry out activities that are beneficial to the relationship between the two countries, including exchanging information about efforts to preserve local culture.”

Andres Valladolid as a speaker also explained the importance of preserving the natural and cultural heritage of a country. “In Peru biodiversity and traditional knowledge are considered very important and valued, so they are systematically protected. We have a national commission dedicated to this issue, consisting of representatives from 13 institutions in Peru. This commission is tasked with developing measures to identify, prevent and avoid acts of biopiracy with the aim of protecting the interests of the Peruvian state. There are also binding legal rules regarding patents and copyrights,” he said.

According to Andres, the application and granting of patent rights should be carried out in a simple manner, but still prioritizing accuracy so that the wealth of biological resources and existing local wisdom is fully recorded. In fact, Peru’s National Anti-Biopiracy Commission has also worked to identify and track patent applications filed or granted abroad related to Peru’s biological resources or local wisdom. “It should also be noted that this patent application does not incur any fees and we work side by side with indigenous peoples,” added Andres.

Antonius Yudi Triantoro then explained the same thing from the Indonesian point of view. “Indonesia also has a system to protect this diversity. Efforts to protect it are carried out in two classifications, namely intellectual and cultural property, as well as genetic and biological heritage. From there, various protection, preservation, and development programs are carried out so that our natural and cultural wealth is maintained,” he said.

Similar to the previous speaker, Antonius also explained the importance of data collection. “This national data on local wisdom is useful for promoting and gaining international recognition, for example through the status of Intangible Cultural Heritage from UNESCO,” he said. Even so, promoting local culture to the world community also needs to be accompanied by growing awareness and knowledge about the difference between respecting and appropriating. “Collaboration between countries needs to be done with the aim of educating each other about their own culture, as we did through this webinar,” added Antonius.

In addition to the webinar, another activity held by the Indonesian Embassy in Lima with is the #OurLocalWisdom social campaign through the Campaign #ForChange application which in 2020 won the “Best App for Good” award from Google Play Indonesia. This social campaign aims to build public awareness to be proud and willing to share information and knowledge about Indonesian and Peruvian culture. In this campaign, the public is invited to complete four Challenges in the application; upload photos about local traditions, photos of hometowns with local wisdom, photos of a person who can be relied on in giving advice, and selfies with texts in the form of wisdom of thoughts or advice for others.

Source: Indonesian Embassy in Lima

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