Peru is a country with 10,000 years of history. It was the seat of the fabulous Inca empire. But long before that, ancient civilizations left the world with magnificent samples of a glorious past like Caral; the royal tombs of Sipan, the most luxurious burial in America; the enigmatic Nasca lines; and the mighty fortress of Kuélap.
Peru is well-known for its history and natural beauty. It is home to one of the seven world wonders, Machu Picchu, as well as one of the most breathtaking mountain ranges in the world. As a result of both its archeological and natural marvels, Peru attracts over 3 million tourists a year.
One of the most mega diverse nations on the planet, and an exquisite territory, with a cuisine that has already made the jump to haute cuisine.
A rainbow of sounds, flavors, and colors that are manifested in more than 50 native languages still in use, thousands of dances and ancient musical instruments that are seen and heard at large parties and processions.
The most popular destinations in Peru are the cities of Lima with its historic center as a point of entry and Cusco characterized by its Inca and colonial architecture. The main attractions of Cusco is the Sacred Valley and Machu Picchu, voted one of the 7 New Wonders of the World.
Major tourist destinations in southern Peru are cities like, Ica, Arequipa, Nazca, Paracas, Cuzco, Puno, Ayacucho and Puerto Maldonado, with large attractive architectural, cultural and natural.
In the central Andean region of Peru one of the destinations of great importance is the Callejon de Huaylas in the Ancash region, home of adventure travel with great atractivo Huascaran National Park.
On the north coast of Peru is the city of Trujillo where the Citadel of Chan Chan built the adobe metropolis largest in Latin America and the second in the world. Trujillo is also found in the traditional resort of Huanchaco, the Huaca El Dragon or Rainbow and the Temples of the Sun and the Moon outside the Chimu culture.
In Chiclayo capital of Lambayeque region is the Royal Tombs of Sipan Museum and Archeological Site of Túcume among many others that has this city in northern Peru.
According to the Peru tourism statistics, Peru is one of the best tourist attractions in South America. Each year more tourists come to Peru, which is why tourism has a large percentage of Peru’s economy.
Tourism is directed Towards Cultural tourism, gastronomic tourism, adventure tourism, Ecotourism in these days is considered as one of the tourism Sectors which is Causing the growth of tourism in Peru.
According to a Peruvian Government study, the satisfaction rate for tourists after visiting Peru is 94%. Tourism is The Most Rapidly growing industry in Peru, growing at a rate of annually 25% over the past five years. Tourism is growing faster in Peru than Any Other Country in South America. The most popular Countries of origin for tourists are the United States, United Kingdom, France, Brazil, Spain, India, Japan, Chile, and Argentina.
The official language of Peru is the Spanish, and in the areas where prevail are also the Quechua, Aymara and other aboriginal languages. English is a language that many people linked to the tourism sector dominate, and the tourist operators dominate other foreign languages, as German, French, Italian, Japanese, etc.
As part of its rich cultural tradition, Peru features many different languages. Although Spanish is commonly spoken across the country, Quechua is a major legacy of the Inca empire, and is still spoken with regional dialects in many parts of Peru.
In addition, other languages are spoken such as Aymara (in Puno) and a startling variety of dialects in the Amazon jungle, which are divided up into 15 linguistic families and 43 different languages.
Be aware that not all Peruvians speak English, even though they might initially claim they do. Speaking Spanish is a necessity.
Other languages: 3,0%
Foreign languages: 0,2%
Useful phrases in Spanish:
If you want to introduce yourself, you can say:
Me llamo — My name is
Mi nombre es — My name is
But you can also start with another simple Spanish word “soy” which means “I am”. For example:
Hola, soy Markus — Hi, I’m Markus
To ask the name of a person you’re talking to, you can say:
¿Cómo te llamas? — What is your name?
When you’re introduced to someone, you should say “mucho gusto”. Its literal translation is “pleasure”. Although it sounds too formal in English, this important Spanish phrase can also be translated as “nice to meet you”.
Of course, you can’t expect to have some small talk without knowing some Spanish greetings. One of the most popular words in Spanish is “hola” which means “hi” or “hello”. You can also use the following Spanish expressions:
Buenos días — Good morning
Buenas tardes — Good afternoon
Buenas noches — Good evening / Good night
¿Cómo está usted? — How are you? (formal)
¿Cómo estás? — How are you? (informal)
¿Qué tal? — How are you? (informal) / What’s up?
Bien, gracias — Good, thank you
Muy bien — Very well
¿Y usted? — And you? (formal)
¿Y tú? — And you? (informal)
¡Gracias! — Thank you!
¡Muchas gracias! — Thank you very much!
¡De nada! — You’re welcome! / No problem!
Por favor — Please (generally used at the end of a sentence)
¡Perdon! — Excuse me!
¡Disculpe! — Excuse me! (to apologize in advance for being a bit of a bother)
¡Lo siento! — Sorry! (to apologize for a mistake)
Adiós — Goodbye
Chao — Goodbye
Hasta luego — See you later (most likely today)
Hasta mañana — See you tomorrow
Nos vemos — See you (informal)
¡Cuídate mucho! — Take care!
¡Tenga un buen día! — Have a nice day!
¡Hasta pronto! — See you soon!
¡Buen viaje! — Have a good trip!
The hour in Peru is -5 GMT (UT)
In the whole Peruvian territory rules the same hour, without hour change in any time of the year. Lima, capital of Peru, is located in 77° 07′ W, 12º 04′ S.
Summer in Peru: December 22nd. to March 21st.
Autumn in Peru: March 22nd. to June 21st.
Winter in Peru: June 22nd. to September 22nd.
Spring in Peru: September 23rd. to December 21st.
Peruvian emergency numbers and dialing codes
Emergency services can be reached on the following numbers:
Calls inside Peru: 0 xxx xxx xxx
Calls from abroad: +51 xxx xxx xxx
The International Access (Dial) Code used to call overseas while in Peru is 00. This is followed by the country code and the 9-digit number.
Land line numbers always include the operator code, the area code, and the unique number of the person or organization.
To call cellphones in Peru from abroad you only need to add the country code +51, not the city code.
To make a national phone call within Peru, however, you need to dial: 0 followed by the city code.
Area codes for the key regions and cities are listed below:
A full list of area codes in Peru can be found here.